Sanbanchō, Chiyoda, Tokyo

District in Tokyo, Japan
Sanbanchō
三番町
District
Onmayadani slope, Sanbanchō, Chiyoda
Onmayadani slope, Sanbanchō, Chiyoda
Coordinates: 35°41′26.0″N 139°44′36.09″E / 35.690556°N 139.7433583°E / 35.690556; 139.7433583Coordinates: 35°41′26.0″N 139°44′36.09″E / 35.690556°N 139.7433583°E / 35.690556; 139.7433583
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
WardChiyoda
AreaKōjimachi Area
Population
 (June 1, 2020)
 • Total3,666[1]
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
Area code03


Part of the Banchō area, Sanbanchō (三番町) is an upscale, mostly residential district of Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. As of June 2020, the population of this district is 3,666 in 1,707 households. It borders the Tokyo Imperial Palace and the Chidorigafuchi moats to the east, Nibanchō and Yonbanchō to the west, Ichibanchō to the south, and Kudanminami to the north.

Like Yonbanchō, its official English spelling, Sanbanchō, does not follow the Hepburn romanization standard.

History

Similarly to the rest of the Banchō area, Sanbanchō (三番町) was the site of residences of the Hatamoto soldiers in charge of guarding Edo Castle. Among those, the residence of Sano Masakoto (on present day site of Otsuma Women University), who became famous in 1784 by killing in the castle an unpopular government official.

In 1804, the Wagakukōdansho (和学講談所), (Institute of Lectures of Japanese classics), founded in 1793 and run by the blind scholar Hanawa Hokiichi was moved to Omote-Rokubancho, near nowadays Sanbancho-24. As the Shogunate was nearing its end, Omura Masujiro opened in 1856 Kyukyodo (鳩居堂), a rangaku institute in his residence, located next to nowadays Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery.

Tōgō Heihachirō moved to Banchō in 1881 and lived there for 54 years. The location of his residence is the Togo Gensui Memorial Park (東郷元帥記念公園).

The modern district was created on July 1st, 1933, through a merger of the former districts of Ichibancho, Kami-Rokubancho and parts of Fujimicho 1-chome.

Kyōka

Sanbanchō was the subject of a famous Kyōka by Hanawa Hokiichi during Edo times.

番町に Banchō ni Banchō
過ぎたるものは Sugitaru mono ha can be summed up by
二つあり Futatsu ari two things
佐野の桜と Sano no sakura to the cherry blossoms of Sano
塙検校 Hanawa Kengyō and Hanawa the blind

Landmarks

References

  1. ^ 千代田区区民生活部総合窓口課. "町丁別世帯数および人口(住民基本台帳):令和2年6月1日現在". Retrieved 2020-06-01.
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